Impact of Human Rights on Public HealthThe intricate interrelation between human rights and public health cannot be overstated. Human rights seek to enhance the dignity of individuals in various dimensions, including good health. To this end, human rights promote universal access to healthcare as well as conditions that promote healthy living, such as proper nutrition and shelter, as fundamental and inalienable rights. According to the United Nations and the World Health Organization, individuals have an inalienable right to access the highest attainable health standards. This places a legal obligation on governments to seek to promote quality healthcare services within their respective jurisdictions. In this sense, human rights serve as a critical impetus for pursuing and promoting public health.Public health is defined as a science that seeks to protect and improve the health of communities and populations through education, research, policy, and practice. In contrast, human rights are best understood as the multitude of moral principles or norms of standard human behavior fundamental to every human being and guaranteed by law. Analyzing the two definitions, a critical intersection between the two disciplines is revealed they both exist to preserve and advance human dignity. By their very conception, both human rights and public health are designed to preserve and advance the inherent dignity and well-being f individuals. Public health has three core goals; to protect individuals from diseases through treatment and elimination, promote better health outcomes and lengthen human life. Human rights, by design, take a broader outlook in advancing each of these core goals of public health through fundamental rights such as the right to life.Lastly, human rights facilitate a rights-based approach to public health. By placing a legal obligation on governments to promote the health of their subjects, rights serve to guarantee public health the necessary ammunition to further its objectives. For instance, rights require governments to avail the requisite financial, material, and information resources to their public health institutions. Additionally, by promoting equality of individuals, rights compel governments to address the social determinants of health in line with public health goals. In this manner, rights are a compulsive force that facilitates the advancement of public health goals.Both public health and human rights are designed to advance and protect the inherent dignity of human beings. Public health seeks to protect and improve the health of communities and populations. Human rights have a central role in realizing this endeavor since various rights exist to further and facilitate the realization of better health and longer life for individuals and communities. Human rights thus have a huge impact in charting the course of public health and enforcing it.
ReferencesMann, J. M., Gostin, L., Gruskin, S., Brennan, T., Lazzarini, Z.,
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